Gum pigmentation As its name suggests, dark gum pigmentation refers to a discoloration, or pigmentation, of the gums in the mouth. The condition can affect the entire gums, or just patches of the gums. Though it is not a life-threatening condition, the quality of your smile can be severely impacted if it goes left untreated. Since the gums are a visible frame around your teeth, gum discoloration can have a negative impact on the overall attractiveness of your smile, as well as your self-confidence. For this reason, this cosmetic procedure is becoming more and more popular among those interested in modifying their physical facial appearance.
Laser Gum De-pigmentation target and ablate the melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin and cause spots in gingival tissue. Therefore the further production of melanin in gum tissues is reduced significantly. Besides, the laser treatment heals very quickly and can be accomplished in lesser time than other traditional procedures.
In addition to genetics and smoking, physiologic gingival pigmentation can also be caused by the following factors:
Gum disease resulting from poor oral hygiene.
Endocrine disorders such as Peutz Jeghers Syndrome, Addison’s disease, and Von Recklinghausen’s disease, all of which are associated with increased melanin levels.
Certain medications, such as antimalarial agents and minocycline.
During placement or removal of metallic fillings, the shavings can in rare cases embed themselves into the gums, resulting in blue, black, or grey spots of discoloration on the gums. These spots of discoloration are known as amalgam tattoos.